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National African Language Resource Center
Umbundu Brohcure

The Umbundu language was formed from different groups of people who slowly moved from the North and formed the local/regional groups there today, and have formed political units. They have developed a sophisticated agriculture, which includes the breeding of small animals and cows. In the 16th century they took advantage of the Portuguese communities being established and formed trading routes/ agreements. With each of the routes (caravans), each group became even more independent than they had been. They appointed professional leaders and diviners. The trade thrived on slavery. When slavery decreased around 1904, so did the trade, and finally ended in 1910. This also had somewhat to do with the way trade was conducted. Since the major railway was also built in 1904, the caravans began to die out which meant that the leaders and diviners were not needed anymore.
Author(s): NALRC
URL: http://nalrc.indiana.edu/brochures/new-broch/Umbundu.pdf
Language(s): Umbundu
Category: Teaching and Learning Materials, Research, LCTL Initiatives, K-12 Initiatives, Outreach and Dissemination
Level: Beginning
Audience: K-8, 9-12, Heritage, Self-Study, Special Purpose
General Format: Print
Specific Medium: Hard Copy, Downloadable File
Skill: Reading
Price: Free
Year: 2015
Keywords:
Publisher: National African Language Resource Center
 
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